Saturday, November 15, 2008

HTML Forms and Input


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HTML Forms are used to select different kinds of user input.


Forms

A form is an area that can contain form elements.

Form elements are elements that allow the user to enter information (like text fields, textarea fields, drop-down menus, radio buttons, checkboxes, etc.) in a form.

A form is defined with the

tag.

  
  


Input

The most used form tag is the tag. The type of input is specified with the type attribute. The most commonly used input types are explained below.

Text Fields

Text fields are used when you want the user to type letters, numbers, etc. in a form.

First name: 

Last name: 

How it looks in a browser:

First name:
Last name:

Note that the form itself is not visible. Also note that in most browsers, the width of the text field is 20 characters by default.

Radio Buttons

Radio Buttons are used when you want the user to select one of a limited number of choices.

 Male

 Female

How it looks in a browser:

Male
Female

Note that only one option can be chosen.

Checkboxes

Checkboxes are used when you want the user to select one or more options of a limited number of choices.

I have a bike:

I have a car: 

I have an airplane: 

How it looks in a browser:

I have a bike:
I have a car:
I have an airplane:


The Form's Action Attribute and the Submit Button

When the user clicks on the "Submit" button, the content of the form is sent to another file. The form's action attribute defines the name of the file to send the content to. The file defined in the action attribute usually does something with the received input.

method="get">
Username: 

How it looks in a browser:

Username:

If you type some characters in the text field above, and click the "Submit" button, you will send your input to a page called "html_form_action.asp". That page will show you the received input.


More Examples

Checkboxes
This example demonstrates how to create check-boxes on an HTML page. A user can select or unselect a checkbox.

Radio buttons
This example demonstrates how to create radio-buttons on an HTML page.

Simple drop down box
This example demonstrates how to create a simple drop-down box on an HTML page. A drop-down box is a selectable list.

Another drop down box
This example demonstrates how to create a simple drop-down box with a pre-selected value.

Textarea
This example demonstrates how to create a text-area (a multi-line text input control). A user can write text in the text-area. In a text-area you can write an unlimited number of characters.

Create a button
This example demonstrates how to create a button. On the button you can define your own text.

Fieldset around data
This example demonstrates how to draw a border with a caption around your data.

Form Examples

Form with input fields and a submit button
This example demonstrates how to add a form to a page. The form contains two input fields and a submit button.

Form with checkboxes
This form contains two checkboxes, and a submit button.

Form with radio buttons
This form contains two radio buttons, and a submit button.

Send e-mail from a form
This example demonstrates how to send e-mail from a form.


Form Tags

Tag

Description

Defines a form for user input

Defines an input field



Entities

< is the same as <
> is the same as >
© is the same as ©

Other Elements


Text quoted from some source.


Address 1

Address 2

City

Source : http://www.w3schools.com/html/html_quick.asp

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